Children came across the words “Nyaya” and “Dharma” during the weekend Telugu classes.
Siva: My dears, do you know what is Nyaya?
Keertana: Yes, Nyaya is Fairness.
Siva: Right, what about Dharma?
Siva: No, Truthfulness is Sathya (when our thought, word and action are consistent, we are in Sathya).
Keertana: Then, what is Dharma?
Siva: Dharma is FULLness.
Siva: Yes. Suppose Krishna bought 4 ice creams, say each costed him 100yen. Say he is enjoying the first ice cream, while we are looking at him. Say we three ask him to give us the remaining 3 ice creams, and he says NO. Did he do right or wrong?
Poojitha: Wrong, he could have given the remaining 3 to us!
Keertana: No, it is fair, it bought them with his own money!
Siva: Both of you are correct. Keertana is right from Nyaya (Fairness) point of view. Poojitha is speaking from Dharma (FULLness) point of view. Let us see. Suppose Krishna finished having the 1st ice cream and he really enjoyed it, had a “AH” feeling. Now say he decided to have the 2nd one too. Do you think he would have the same level of “AH” feeling?
Keertana and Poojitha: No
Siva: Say, now he finished 2nd one and having the 3rd one too. Does he have any “AH” feeling with this?
Keertana and Poojitha: No.
Siva: Say, now he finished 3rd one too and having the 4th one….
Poojitha (exclaiming): He is already FULL!
Siva: Exactly! If he is already FULL and still does not like to share the ice creams with us, he is probably wrong from Dharma point of view. But, can we decide if he is FULL or not?
Siva: Right, then who can decide if Krishna is actually FULL or not?
Keertana: Only Krishna himself (his Heart, to be precise).
Siva: Right. Nyaya belongs to Mind, Dharma belongs Heart (Heart is one’s own Nature). Which one is important? Nyaya or Dharma?
Nyaya (man-made law/rules) is a Social phenomenon. Mastering Nyaya makes one powerful socially (Lawyers, for example!).
Sathya (open-minded/truthfulness) is a Personal phenomenon. Sathya is a great weapon and can lead us to success, whether it is Personal (realizing higher and higher truths, ask any Meditator) or Professional (good example is Japanese work culture). Further, all the scientific advancements are based on Sathya.
Dharma is a Natural(Universal) phenomenon. Dharma includes Nyaya and Sathya too. One who follows Dharma will be powerful, successful also be Joyful! (Look at any enlightened Master)